Nanjing University, NJU abbr. Hunan traditionally has had a wide range of fauna, including such large mammals as tigers, leopards, wolves, and deer. Precipitation (almost entirely as rain) is ample, with the maximum precipitation occurring between spring and summer. The western highlands are drained by the Yuan River and by the Zi and Li streams. The soils of the province are largely pedalferic (rich in alumina and iron) and are mainly lateritic (leached, iron-bearing) yellow earths or red clays. Hunan’s entire river system drains into Dongting Lake, with the exception of the Lin Stream, which divides into two parts, with one distributary draining directly into the Yangtze River and the other into Dongting Lake. Dongting Lake is a broad and shallow seasonal lake, consisting of the remnants of a former inland sea that once filled the Yangtze basin. As elsewhere in central and southern China, groves of bamboo, camphor, and cedar are usually found around villages, contributing greatly to the charm of the countryside. Zoom in to see updated info. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. However, human encroachment has led to the decline and near-disappearance of many species. They are largely dome-shaped and granitic, although limestone and red clay are found in lower-lying areas. Its area varies considerably between summer and winter, and the lake has dried up significantly since the 1950s. A wagon motif on the Bronocice pot, excavated in Poland in 1976, shows striking resemblance to the Chinese character nán 南 “South” in the form of Oracle Bone inscriptions. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Many smaller rivers that rise in the mountains along the eastern border flow westward to join the Xiang in its northward course. The uplands of the west, south, and east fall steadily in elevation toward the plain of Dongting Lake in the north, which is contiguous with the Hubei Plain and forms part of the floodplain of the Yangtze River. Waitress does...”, Hotels near R.E. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. In the east the mountain ranges of Zhuguang and Wugong form the border with Jiangxi. The capital and most important city of the province is Changsha, situated in the northeast, on the banks of the Xiang River. It is bounded by the provinces of Hubei to the north, Jiangxi to the east, and Guangdong to the southeast; by the Zhuang Autonomous Region of Guangxi to the southwest; and by the province of Guizhou and Chongqing municipality to the west. The total annual rainfall of 56 inches (1,420 mm) decreases from south to north. Nonetheless, it is still the second largest freshwater lake in China, surpassed only by Lake Poyang in Jiangxi. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Summers are long and humid, the average maximum summer temperature being 86 °F (30 °C). The highlands in the west run from northeast to southwest, forming the eastward edge of the Guizhou Plateau, whose extension, the Xuefeng Mountains, lies in the heart of the province. nánbiān ( 南 … The lake also abounds in fish, including many species of carp, and it is home to the endangered finless porpoise (Neophocaena phocaenoides). Other important trees and shrubs include tung (from which tung oil is obtained), tea (from which tea seed oil is obtained), and liquidambar. for 南京大學|南京大学 [ Nán jīng dà xué] Show Strokes. Area 81,300 square … Looking to expand your search outside of Lansing? Hunan, Wade-Giles romanization Hu-nan, landlocked sheng (province) of southern China. The alluvial soils of the northern plains are less acidic and are used for growing rice. The Nan Mountains in the south run from east to west at elevations of between 500 and 3,300 feet (150 and 1,000 metres), forming a broad mountain border between Hunan, Guangdong, and Guangxi. Olds Transportation Museum, Restaurants near Cooley Law School Stadium, Restaurants near Turner-Dodge House & Heritage Center. 河南 ( Hénán = Henan ), 湖南 ( Húnán = Hunan ), 南锡 ( Nán xī = Nancy ), 南边 ( nánbiān = south ), 南辕北辙 ( nányuánbĕizhé = to act in a way that defeats one's purpose ), Other characters that are pronounced nán in Chinese. More than one-fourth of Hunan’s terrain lies at an elevation above 1,640 feet (500 metres), and much of it is well over 3,000 feet (900 metres) above sea level. These mountains are composed mainly of slate, quartzite, and sandstone, deeply incised by river valleys. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Does China have about half of the world’s population?
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