tear gas formula


[72] The liquid stream is directed where the user points the canister, being accurate up to 4 metres. “Increasing the punishment for criticism of Bahrain’s King is a further attempt to muzzle activists ahead of the upcoming Grand Prix,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, deputy Middle East and North Africa programme director at Amnesty.
How Tear Gas Works . [19], CS is used in spray form by many police forces as a temporary incapacitant and to subdue attackers, persons, or civil protestors. This could last anywhere from 3–12 hours and would make running 25 km while wearing 125 lb (57 kg) of gear virtually impossible. "Evaluation of CS (o-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile) Concentrations During U.S. Army Mask Confidence Training", Journal of Environmental Health, October 2011, (rehosted) U.S. Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, CDC – NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards – o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, Patten report recommendations 69 and 70 relating to public order equipment, Committees on toxicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of chemicals in food, consumer products and the environment, Journal of Non-lethal Combatives, January 2003, "Crowd Control Technologies: An Assessment Of Crowd Control Technology Options For The European Union", eMedicine Information on irritants: Cs, Cn, Cnc, Ca, Cr, Cnb, PS, Octamethylene-bis(5-dimethylcarbamoxyisoquinolinium bromide), 2-Ethoxycarbonyl-1-methylvinyl cyclohexyl methylphosphonate, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CS_gas&oldid=984344282, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2013, Articles with failed verification from September 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pagkakaiba ng pagsulat ng ulat at sulating pananaliksik?

[52] The use of the CS gas of gunshots type or hand grenade is not exclusive for police forces. Which tear gas formula is the best for self-defense? [citation needed], The Gendarmerie of Bucharest used large quantities of CS gas against civilians during the protests of 10 August 2018 in Bucharest. Hout J, Hook G, LaPuma P, White D (2010). greater than that, things could go worse.

$11.99 $ 11. CS gas is an aerosol of a volatile solvent (a substance that dissolves other active substances and that easily evaporates) and 2-chlorobenzalmalononitrile, which is a solid compound at room temperature. [citation needed] It was also used by the North Vietnamese forces in some battles like Hue in 1968 or during the Easter Offensive in 1972. Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. The IUPAC name is: 2-Chlorobenzalmalononitrile but is Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? Mace vs Pepper Spray/ is there any differences? [73], On 16 March 1996, a Gambian asylum seeker, Ibrahima Sey, was taken to Ilford Police Station in east London. Most of the immediate effects wear off within an hour (such as exceptional nasal discharge and profuse coughing), although respiratory and oral symptoms may persist for months. Human Rights Watch earlier this week accused the government of arresting scores of young men in a series of dawn raids since the beginning of the month. [71] The CS spray used by UK police is generally more concentrated than that used by American police forces (5% vs 1%). Other drills such as drinking and under-mask decontamination are also practised. [57] The first use of CS gas on the UK mainland that was not part of military training was carried out in 1944 during a hostage siege at a north London address. The Interior Ministry said that “thugs” at Al Jabriya School in the capital Manama had been dealt with in line with the law. This article will discuss the best tear gas formula for self-defense. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. [45], Blackwater Worldwide, acting as an agent of the United States, deployed CS in the Iraq War from a helicopter hovering over a checkpoint in the Green Zone in Baghdad. The most insightful comments on all subjects will be published daily in dedicated articles.

However, an exposure to a higher concentration may result in serious health issues.

[11], The physiological properties had been discovered already by the chemists first synthesising the compound in 1928: Briefly explain the steps involved in converting cotton from plants to cloth? Apart from the HK police, CS gas spray is also used by Witness Protection and Firearms Section of Independent Commission Against Corruption (Hong Kong). In September 2000, the Guardian newspaper revealed how a UK company, HPP, used legal loopholes to export CS to a private security company in Rwanda, in breach of United Nations sanctions. What is the rising action of faith love and dr lazaro?

CS was used to quell a protest in Lusaka, Zambia in July 1997 and the 1999 WTO riots in Seattle. [2], Many types of tear gas and other riot control agents have been produced with effects ranging from mild tearing of the eyes to immediate vomiting and prostration. [26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35] One allegedly died from the impact of the CS gas canister,[31] and the remainder are said to have died from the effects of inhaling the gas. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. FREE Shipping. The Malaysia Federal Reserve Unit has also been known to use CS tear gas against its citizens who rallied for clean and fair elections under what were called Bersih rallies in 2011[86] and 2012. Then, on the single day of 5 August, police fired more than 800 tear gas canisters in their operations throughout almost every district of the city. [18] In Egypt, CS gas was reported to be the cause of death of several protesters in Mohamed Mahmoud Street near Tahrir square during the November 2011 protests. The LTTE, also known as Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka, an insurgent group in Sri Lanka used CS gas against government forces in September 2008. It is not completely legal, however, it is used by military officers to handle messy situations, like riots. Are you sure you want to delete this comment? Actually, tear gas agents are not only gases.

Effects usually include tears streaming from the eyes, profuse coughing, exceptional nasal discharge that is full of mucus, burning in the eyes, eyelids, nose and throat areas, disorientation, dizziness and restricted breathing. Sign Up. [70], The CS spray used by police forces is in the form of a hand-held aerosol canister containing a 5% solution of CS dissolved in methyl isobutyl ketone and propelled by pressurized nitrogen.

The Sudanese forces extensively used CS gas during the latest wave of demonstrations began in 2018. Posted by. If you are 13 years old when were you born? Many law enforcement agencies also use CS gas as a riot control device. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. It is also used during several events in the Marine Corps Basic Reconnaissance Course (BRC) including some rucksack runs and escape-and-evasion exercises. You can read more about tear gas treatment here. There are two most popular te a r gas formulas that are used in self-defense. A group of 20 British MPs have joined the opposition in calling for the race to be cancelled.
How to Neutralize Tear Gas (Mace, Pepper spray)? [87], The Canadian, Norwegian and Australian Defence Forces train their personnel with CS gas in a manner similar to that of the US, as it is a basic part of CBRN (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear) training. “The street are clear, they don’t want a race on their blood. Tear Gas aka CS Gas. CS is used by many police forces within the United States. There are different types of compounds that may be used as tear gas. You can use 10 milligram per cubic CS spray was used in the UK more than 10,000 times in the period between its introduction in 1996 and September 1998.

Not long after, the British Army and RUC ceased using CS in Northern Ireland.

", "Protesters' expert response to riot police", "r/HongKong - Birds died after the release of 25K tear gas in the Chinese University of Hong Kong", "2005 Use of Gas by Blackwater Leaves Questions", "Four Palestinians faint after inhaling CS gas", "Dozens hit by CS gas during anti-wall demonstrations", "Jandarmeria: Gazele lacrimogene folosite la proteste provin exclusiv de la producători autorizaţi şi certificaţi. Photos and videos of the incident at the school showed young men hurling bottles at security forces before tear gas was fired. After the incident, his cousin, Donna Lewis, was quoted as saying, "To look at him, it was like looking at a melting man, with liquid oozing from his face."[76]. This is to demonstrate the importance of properly wearing a military gas mask or protective mask, as the agent's presence quickly reveals an improper fit or seal of the mask's rubber gaskets against the face. It was also used in Lenadoon on 9 July 1972 on the breakdown of the IRA ceasefire. This article will discuss the best tear gas formula for self-defense. Some Norwegian units are exposed to CS gas while engaged in mental and physical activity such as addressing the officer in command by stating name, rank and troop before doing 30 push-ups. A series of small explosions rocked the country on Sunday, adding to security concerns. [citation needed], Blank pistol cartridges carrying CS in powder form have been released to the public. It is issued as an item of equipment to police officers for protection and to assist in dealing with violent incidents. The overuse of tear gas has been one of the concerns in the anti-extradition bill protests. Join Now. In addition, repeated exposure may cause sensitisation. However, if you’ve been exposed to a higher concentration of tear gas, you need to consult a doctor. Archived.

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